Division (Research Field) and Members
UGSCD

Division of Developmental Neuroscience(Osaka University)

  • Developmental Clinical Neuroscience

    Professor
    TANIIKE Masako
    Associate Professor
    MOHRI Ikuko
    Assistant Professor
    SANEFUJI Wakako

    The development of recognition and sociality in children is affected by complicated action of individual genetic factors and acquired factors such as an attachment formation with rearers, socioeconomic environments, and diseases. For example, it is known that very low birth weight infant have a higher incidence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and learning disorder, and children with an experience of severe maternal deprivation show disorders in sociality and communication similar to pervasive development disorder. Therefore, we cannot dissociate mental problems from children's body and environment. In addition, if a child is diagnosed as developmental disorder, the degree of attachment to people, aggression, verbal comprehension, and behavior such as hyperactivity varies significantly depending on each child.

    In our field, we (1) understand the development of children's mind and its disorder from the view point of brain science using brain images and cognition function test, etc., and (2) study how acquired environmental factors influence the development of children, focusing especially on the relationship with sleep.

  • Psychological Support for Child Development

    Associate Professor
    UCHIDA Hiroyuki
    Associate Professor
    SAKAI Saeko

    In the support for child development, it is important to approach with consideration for the environment of the child's life not only for understanding the traits of children but also the traits of the rearing people. Recently, as we hear the news of the abuse and the incident/accident about the children, the safety in community collapses and also the cause of nuclear family conversion and declining birthrate make the children hard to live in their environment.

    So, we should modify the supportive methods for the children, the rearing people and the other people who surround them. Especially in case of children with developmental disorders, it is well known that the rearing people often feel the difficulty of parenting.

    Studies on the children with developmental disorders have pointed out the anxiety about childcare and the child abuse which are pulled out easily.

    Therefore, in the Area of Psychological Support for Child Development, we aim as below;
    1) The student acquires the technique of clinical developmental psychology upon the understanding to traits of the children and rearing people.
    2) The student focuses on the relationship between the children and people surrounding them and examines how the children with developmental disorders build the personal relationship scientifically.

    And the student is expected to acquire the point of view which can offer comprehensive support.

  • Molecular Brain Science

    Professor
    KATAYAMA Taiichi
    Specially Appointed Professor
    TOHYAMA Masaya
    Associate Professor
    MATSUZAKI Shinsuke

    The aim of our research field is to clarify the molecular mechanisms of pervasive developmental disorders, childhood schizophrenia, childhood mood disorder, etc, examining the susceptible factors for the mental diseases.

    Recent studies have provided reliable evidence that some psychiatric illnesses, such as schizophrenia, depression, autism, etc. might be caused by neurodevelopmental abnormalities.

    Our team has been demonstrated that dysfunction of some molecules might confer susceptibility to psychiatric illnesses through abnormal development of the nervous system, using molecular biological, neuroanatomical, and biochemical technique in advance of this field.

    Our research would be contributed to leading projects for the prevention and the therapeutic strategies of the childhood mental diseases.

  • Traumatic Brain Injury & Developmental Disorder

    Associate Professor(Lecturer)
    SHIMONO Kuriko
    Assistant Professor
    TOMINAGA Koji

    (Coming Soon)

  • 【Endowed chair】 Division of Vascular Medicine and Epigenetics

    Professor
    NAKAGAMI Hironori
    Associate Professor
    SHIMAMURA Munehisa
    Assistant Professor
    OSAKO Mariana Kiomy
    Specially Appointed Assistant Professor
    KURINAMI Hitomi

    The background of mental disorders in childhood is the social problems that nutrition and food intake of children cannot be well controlled due to lack of education and knowledge for health of parents. Although it is known that both genetic factors and acquired factors affect its development, epigenetic regulation by chromatin remodeling now will be focused in the glucose and lipid metabolism as well as development during pregnancy.
    Our research field is vascular medicine and/or metabolic syndrome, and we will try to find the novel therapeutic concept for cardiovascular diseases and metabolic diseases through infant to aged people. The goal of our study is to achieve the preventive medicine from child to adult through the axis of Vascular Medicine and Epigenetics.

Division of Socio-Cognitive-Neuroscience(Kanazawa University)

  • Social Cognitive Bioscience

    Professor
    SHIBA Kazuhiro
    Associate Professor
    KOIZUMI Keita
    Assistant Professor
    YOSHIHARA Toru

    "Developmental Disorders concerning learning, sociability and behavior" are the major problems in modern society. We regard these disorders as brain dysfunctions and not only elucidate the mechanism but also perform education for bringing up a brain and searching a policy / therapy to overcome dysfunction.

    As a strategy for achievement of results of research, we perform a comprehensive research screening to find nerve development related genes of Drosophila by RNA interference (RNAi) technology which is one of the greatest biological discoveries of these past several years. The discovered genes highly homologous to human gene are next studied in mammalian model animals such as mouse to figure out their molecular function in mammals. These animal model studies finally apply to human studies using blood or postmortem brain samples. We discover genes associated with Developmental Disorders and specify biological molecules which improve "learning / sociability / behavior".

    We prepare genetically manipulated mice which changed genes associated with Developmental Disorders concerning learning, sociability and behavior and observe behaviors related to affection of the mice. The relation between genes and abnormal affectionate behaviors is investigated.

    We develop a new in vivo brain functional imaging probe for the visualization of neurochemical and neuropathologic changes in autism patient. Using in vivo radioactive molecular imaging technology, we develop not only early method for diagnosis of autism but also elucidate a nervous system molecular mechanism in nervous system of autism patient.

    We finally use these technologies, such as gene manipulation and molecular imaging technology, for the development of therapeutic drug for autism.

  • Human Communication Science & Intervention

    Professor
    OI Manabu
    Associate Professor
    ARAKI Yukiko
    Assistant Professor
    MIURA Yui

    Communications between parent-child, teacher-student, and among peers could function by utilizing understanding other minds, world-knowledge, language system, cognition and affect and the like.
    These communications provide important opportunities for children to learn how to communicate per se, as well as socio-cultural conventions, meaning of social events, skills to attain secure mutual understanding and cooperation with others. Children with developmental disorders have difficulties in one or more of the above abilities relating to communication, so that, as a result, they would probably fail in social learning in his/her family, school, and communities s/he belongs to.
    The difficulties might disturb their social adaptation and personality development. We aim at clarifying how communication failures occur in these children and developing intervention to compensate these.

  • Higher Brain Functions & Autism Research

    Professor
    MUNESUE Toshio
    Professor
    MINABE Yoshio(a.p)
    Associate Professor
    NIIDA Yo

    The Department of Higher Brain Functions & Autism Research offers programs of study leading to the doctoral degree in neuroscience or cognitive science. Areas of research specialization include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) which are complementary and interactive with brain cognitive and communication science. Furthermore, in order to provide a comprehensive training and research opportunities, the program will cover from the molecular level right up to human behavioural science.

    MRI techniques are one of the most recently developed forms of clinical neuroimaging. Voxel based morphometry allows investigation of focal differences in brain anatomy, functional MRI allows investigation of hemodynamic response related to neural activity, and diffusion tensor imaging enables visualization and characterization of white matter fasciculi in three dimensions. On the other hand, the information provided by MEG is entirely different from that provided by MRI imaging. Unlike the MRI techniques, MEG provides information from brain neural activity directly. MEG is a functional imaging capability complementary to the anatomical imaging capabilities of MRI. Using MEG, we are measuring the brain activity in real time with high time and special resolutions. These two modalities (MRI and MEG) can then be fused into a composite image of function and anatomy. As a result, the combination of MEG and MRI techniques has considerable clinical potential.

    This department includes active research teams who use a variety of neuroimaging techniques to identify psychiatric disorders. In addition, this department collaborates with Department of Biological Imaging (Hamamatsu University) which is world leading research institute for brain molecular imaging. In order to create world leading new strategy based on a comprehensive brain research, this program is designed to enhance development of human resources through strong research training in brain imaging and cognitive neuroscience.

  • Coordination Movement Science

    Associate Professor
    HORIKE Shin-ichi
    Associate Professor
    YOKOYAMA Shigeru

    (Coming Soon)

  • Socio-Neuro Science

    Professor
    HIGASHIDA Haruhiro
    Associate Professor
    KIKUCHI Mitsuru
    Assistant Professor
    TAKEUCHI Noriyuki

    (Coming Soon)

Division of Neuropsychological Development and Health Sciences(Hamamatsu University School of Medicine)

  • Biological Imaging

    (vacancy)
     

    Biological imaging, including positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), has been widely used as the method for the diagnosis and monitoring treatment of various kinds of diseases, because of its excellent ability to provide the information of a living body in non-invasive and objective way. Our aims are 1) to learn the function of the brain and living body, which are the objectives of the biological imaging, 2) to study how to analyze and interpret the data obtained from the biological imaging and 3) to understand the advantage of the biological imaging in the field of child development.

  • Social Services for Developmental Disabilities

    Visiting Professor
    TSUJII Masatsugu
    Associate Professor
    SUZUKI Katsuaki

    In order for individuals with developmental disabilities to get along and live with healthy people, it is essential for their caregivers to understand the nature and characteristics of developmental disorders in sufferers, and to be able to provide them with support that is appropriate at developmental stages.
    Through the courses set up by the Social Services for Developmental Disabilities, students will learn effective provision of support and care for persons with developmental disorders from the perspective of multiple assets, such as well-programmed services on the basis of understanding of the developmental processes throughout life and the surrounding environments, and practical services required from supporting families and professionals (pediatricians, teachers, community-based nurses, etc.) who deal with sufferers.
    The curriculum also includes lectures on assessments of abilities and disabilities in various domains (cognitive, social and daily living functions for afflicted children, on clinical diagnoses, on programming individual services, and on means of creating collaborative networks amongst professionals.

  • Epidemiology and Biostatistics

    Professor
    TAKEI Noriyoshi
    Associate Professor
    TSUCHIYA Kenji

    Because of the nature of such a complexity involved in the development of human mind, on top of the fact that brain is complex itself, understanding and exploring the mechanisms of human behaviours require a wide range of knowledge.

    A shortcut in achieving high levels of knowledge is to carry out research through which one can learn a lot, including research skills how to accomplish research goals. Sometimes, epidemiology (and biostatistics) is misunderstood as just dealing with a mass data or prevention of infectious diseases.

    However, it is fundamentally important and constitutes the basis for any medical and scientific research. Without knowledge of epidemiology, one cannot perform properly designed studies and interpret the research output, which inherently determines the quality of the research in medical sciences. Hence, the importance of thoughts and means based upon epidemiology cannot be overstated.

  • Child Forensic Studies

    (vacancy)
     

    (Coming Soon)

Division of Cognitive Behavioral Science(Chiba University)

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

    Professor
    NAKAGAWA Akiko

    (Coming Soon)

  • Mental Health Support & Early Intervention

    Associate Professor
    NAKAZATO Michiko
    Associate Professor(Lecturer)
    MATSUMOTO Yuki
    Assistant Professor
    TAKAOKA Kota

    (Coming Soon)

  • Cognitive Behavioral Brain Science

    Assistant Professor
    MATSUZAWA Daisuke
    Assistant Professor
    HIRANO Yoshiyuki

    (Coming Soon)

Division of Developmental Higher Brain Functions (University of Fukui)

  • Developmental Emotional Intelligence

    Associate Professor
    KOSAKA Hirotaka
    Associate Professor(Lecturer)
    FUJII Takeshi

    (Coming Soon)

  • Psychosocial Support for Nurturing

    Professor
    TOMODA Akemi
    Associate Professor
    NAKAI Akio
    Assistant Professor
    YAMAZAKI Mika

    (Coming Soon)

  • Development of Functional Brain Activities

    Professor
    ABE Hiroshi
    Associate Professor
    SAITO Daisuke
    Associate Professor(Lecturer)
    OKA Yuichiro

    (Coming Soon)

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